Six people died of illicit drug overdoses in the first three months of 2019 in Chilliwack, a number that used to mark an entire year of deaths prior to the current opioid crisis in B.C.
And while it may sound unsurprising that all six, 100 per cent, of those deaths were fentanyl-detected, in 2018, 74 per cent (26 out of 35) involved fentanyl, according to the BC Corners Service illicit drug overdose report issued Wednesday.
In 2017 in Chilliwack, 78 per cent (18 out of 23) of fatal illegal drug overdoses involved fentanyl, and in 2016 it was 61.5 per cent (eight out of 13).
Provincewide there were 268 fatal drug overdoses in the first quarter of the year, and a concerning amount of those deaths involved carfentanil – a drug more toxic than fentanyl.
Carfentanil, a powerful opioid used by veterinarians for large animals like elephants, was found in toxicology reports on 64 British Columbians who died between January and March, the BC Coroner Service said.
That’s compared to 35 deaths linked to the opioid in 2018.
Carfentanil is 100 times more toxic than fentanyl – the illicit street drug that accounts for 80 per cent of the 3,200 overdose deaths that have occurred since 2017.
In March, there were 104 suspected drug overdose deaths in B.C., a 34 per cent decrease over March 2018 but a 42 per cent increase over February.
Overall, the 268 deaths in the first quarter is lower than 2017 or 2018. At the current pace, there would be 1,072, the third most ever, but down from 1,514 in 2018 and 1,491 in 2017.
In 2018 in Chilliwack, there was a total of 35 deaths attributed to the opioid crisis. That’s up from 23 in 2017, 13 in 2016, 10 in 2015, and an average of just over five for each of the six years before that going back to 2009.
Chilliwack ranked ninth in the province in 2018 for communities with the most illicit drug overdose deaths, with five fewer than Abbotsford and one more than New Westminster. So far there have already been 13 in Abbotsford, the same as Victoria.
After just three quarters of statistics in 2018, Chilliwack’s overdose fatality rate had surpassed 2017.
The top three cities for overdose deaths last year were Vancouver (389), Surrey (212), and Victoria (96).
A review of completed cases from 2017-19 indicates that the top four detected other drugs involved in fentanyl-detected illicit drug overdose deaths were cocaine (49 per cent), alcohol (39 per cent), methamphetamine/amphetamine (37 per cent).
– with files from Ashley Wadhwani