Kids and a mentally healthy community

The past few weeks our column has been devoted to the theme of creating Mentally Healthy Communities, first with a focus on the workplace, and then with an emphasis on spirituality.

The past few weeks our column has been devoted to the theme of creating Mentally Healthy Communities, first with a focus on the workplace, and then with an emphasis on spirituality. This week’s article, the last in this mini-series, will focus on children, highlighting the premise that addressing mental health and disorder in children may be the most effective way to improve the mental health of the population at large.

Our articles have come from a collection of papers devoted to creating and maintaining mentally healthy communities in Canada. The World Health Organization defines mental health as a state of social and emotional well-being, not merely the absence of disorder. Which means that it is essential for optimal human development and functioning across the lifespan; yet at any given time an estimated 14 per cent of children in Canada (more than  800,000) experience mental health disorders that cause significant symptoms and impairment at home, school, and In the community.

Why is mental health important in children? Well, disorders cause distress and prevent them from thriving and reaching their potential.  They also prevent full participation in school, work, family, and the community life over the long term. And unfortunately, some mental health disorders persist into adulthood, meaning that children with mental health disorders often become adults with mental health disorders, particularly if undiagnosed and untreated. I think it’s fair to say, and the paper argues, that mental health disorders are the leading health problems that Canadian children face after infancy.

The article highlighted a strategy aimed at improving children’s mental health, including approaches for both prevention and intervention, namely: promoting healthy development for all children; presenting disorders in children at risk; providing treatment for children with disorders; and monitoring outcomes for all children.  Promoting healthy development for all children would include understanding the role the social environment has on mental well-being in children, which could include: reducing socio-economic adversity, reducing child maltreatment, and reducing the impact of parental mental illness. Preventing disorders for children at risk would include fostering and maintaining resiliency (the ability to overcome adversity) against risk factors at the child, family, school, and community level. Protective factors such as: positive temperament, good learning abilities, warm, and consistent parenting, safety and stability, positive school experiences, positive consistent adult supports, and a sense of personal purpose to help overshadow the opposing risk factors. Providing treatment for children with disorders would need to include improving access to timely, effective treatments and dealing with the inefficiencies that currently exist in children’s services. Treatment is only effective if money is also being put into preventative services given the large number of children affected.

I’ve heard this quote before, and the paper uses it to deliver on its point, that ‘children’s mental health has become the orphan’s orphan within the health care system.’ Waitlists for chemotherapy or heart surgery in children would not be tolerated – there would be media coverage, telethons, and public outcry. Yet, a community Child and Youth Mental Health office in the province could potentially receive over 1,500 referrals a year, have 60 children on the waitlist at any given time, have a wait time of two months for an initial intake, and only have a handful of therapists, and go unnoticed. Why? Perhaps the stigma associated with mental disorders, the invisibility of mental health disorders meaning that children go undetected, or maybe the naiveté that significant mental health disorders could even exist in childhood. Isn’t it time that children and all facets of their health and well-being are made a priority – I think the article sums it up nicely: “Investments in children’s mental health are among the most important investments that any community could make.”


Eryn Wicker (M.A., R.C.C.) is a mental health clinician with the Child and Youth Mental Health team of the Ministry of Children and Family Development, Chilliwack. BC.

Just Posted

Watercolours by late Chilliwack artist to be unveiled at Yarrow Library

The public is invited to a special unveiling of three of Heinz Klassen’s watercolour paintings

Yarrow Library one of the stops on Cubetto’s grand tour

FVRL’s friendly wooden robot, Cubetto, travels throughout Fraser Valley to teach programming basics

No home for Agassiz Community Garden on school district land

The garden is still homeless after SD78 said no to the society using the McCaffrey School property

Chilliwack PEO: ‘We who are sisters’

International oganization celebrating 150 years of service

Chilliwack students take the lead as mental health advocates

About 100 Chilliwack youth prepped to make a difference during Mental Health Week

Dashcam captures close call between minivan, taxi at busy Vancouver intersection

To make the footage more nerve-wracking, a pedestrian can be seen standing at the corner

VIDEO: Fan support almost deafening as Giants take Game 2 in finals

Vancouver G-Men cap comeback with thrilling third period to beat Spokane 4-2 on home ice in Langley

Waste not: Kootenay brewery leftovers feed the local food chain

Spent grains from the Trail Beer Refinery are donated to local farmers and growers, none go to waste

Deck collapses in Langley during celebration, 35 people injured

Emergency responders rushed to the Langley home

B.C. mom wages battle to get back four kids taken from her in Egypt

Sara Lessing of Mission has help from Abbotsford law firm

VIDEO: Fire guts Peachland home

Crews are still on scene pumping water onto the blaze in the Okanagan neighbourhood

$6K raised in one day’s time for family of woman gunned down in Penticton

GoFundMe launched for family of Darlene Knippelberg, to pay for funeral costs and other expenses

B.C. mountain biker sent home from hospital twice, despite broken vertebrae

Released in Maple Ridge to go home with three fractured vertebrae

Seven tips to travel safely this Easter long weekend

An average of three people are killed, and hundreds more injured, each Easter long weekend in B.C.

Most Read